Types of Golf Injuries

Significant stress is placed on the same muscles, tendons, and joints by repeating the same golf swing motion over and over again. Over time, this can result in overuse injuries.


Your Osteopath at Princes Avenue would approach an overuse injury by treating the joint and ligaments being affected by the repetitive movement and the muscle which has been overused. Advice would be given on how the area should be used.


Golf can cause hand tenderness or numbness, and may also have shoulder, back, and knee pain. Golfer's elbow and wrist injuries, such as tendinitis or carpal tunnel syndrome, may also occur.


Golfer's Elbow.Golfer's elbow is an inflammation of the tendons that attach your forearm muscles to the inside of the bone at your elbow medically known as medial epicondylitis. The forearm muscles and tendons become damaged from overuse — repeating the same motions again and again. This leads to pain and tenderness on the inside of the elbow.


Try to avoid this elbow problem by slowing your golf swing. This will lessen the shock in the arm when the ball is hit. Also strengthen your forearm muscles.


These 3 exercises can help build up your forearm muscles and help you avoid golfer's elbow:


Squeeze a tennis ball. Squeezing an old tennis ball for 5 minutes at a time is a simple, effective exercise that will strengthen your forearm muscles.


Wrist curls. With your hands palm side up, hold a lightweight dumbbell. Lower the dumbbell to the end of your fingers, and then curl the weight back into your palm, followed by curling up your wrist to lift the dumbbell an inch or two higher. Perform 10 repetitions with one arm, and then repeat with the other arm.


Reverse wrist curls. Hold a lightweight dumbbell in your hands which are in front of you, palm side down. Using your wrist, lift the weight up and down. Keep the elbow and forearm on the table so that it is just the wrist that is moving. Perform 10 repetitions with one arm, and then repeat with the other arm.


Wrist pain Golf injuries of the wrist are rare, but when they occur the majority are overuse injuries of the wrist flexor or extensor tendons. The left wrist (in the right-handed golfer) is the most common location.


Hyperextension and radial deviation (wrist movement causing hand to go towards the thumb) of the right wrist may cause impingement syndrome and injury may also occur during impact of the swing phase.


The majority of golf-induced overuse syndromes of the wrist are successfully treated nonoperatively, but may require restriction from golf for an extended period of time.



Many of the wrist problems can be related to a strong grip (left hand positioned clockwise on the golf club handle), over gripping (too tight a grip), golf club grips in poor repair, or poor swing techniques.


The most common bony injury of the wrist is fracture of the hook of the hamate (this is one of the small bones that are present in the hand). This injury is a source of chronic ulnar-sided (little finger side of the hand) wrist pain in the golfer and is often diagnosed late or left undiagnosed.


Proper-fitting golf clubs and proper swing technique may prevent this injury.


Like any other sport, golf requires the use of proper equipment, proper technique, and conditioning to prevent injury.


Low Back Pain

Poor technique in your golf swing or the stress of the rotation in your golf swing can place considerable pressure on the spine and muscles.


Low back pain can result .Lack of flexibility and muscle strength can also lead to minor back strains that can easily become severe injuries.


Here are some simple exercises to help strengthen lower back muscles and prevent injuries.


Rowing. Firmly tie the ends of rubber tubing. Place it around an object that is shoulder height (like a door hinge). Standing with your arms straight out in front of you, grasp the tubing and slowly pull it toward your chest. Release slowly. Perform three sets of 10 repetitions, at least three times a week.


Pull Downs. With the rubber tubing still around the door hinge, kneel and hold the tubing over your head. Pull down slowly toward your chest, bending your elbows as you lower your arms. Raise the tubing slowly over your head. Perform three sets of 10 repetitions, at least three times a week.


Yoga and Pilates. These exercise programs focus on trunk and abdomen strength, as well as flexibility.


General Injury Prevention Tip:

Do some simple stretching exercises before your round of golf, focusing on your shoulders, back, and legs. Then get a bucket of balls and hit a few golf balls on the driving range. It not only will help your game, but will make you healthier in the long run.